Thursday 11th October 2018
Linda Mannila, Aalto University in Espoo, Finland and Linköping University in Sweden
The digitalisation affects everything – what does that mean to us?
The digital transformation is first and foremost not a question about technology, but rather about societal development, new opportunities and therefore also new challenges. Having a certain level of digital competence has become crucial for all citizens. What does this mean in practice and what role can libraries play in helping citizens acquire these competences?
Anne Osterman, Director of the Virtual Library of Virginia (VIVA)
Whole ebook lending in a consortial environment: From the negotiation of rights through the practice of loans
In 2016, the Virtual Library of Virginia (VIVA) negotiated whole ebook lending rights with four major publishers: Brill, Oxford University Press, Taylor & Francis, and Wiley. Although the language of the agreements varies, VIVA member libraries are permitted to lend whole ebooks from the licensed works, including single files created by the lending library from the chapter PDFs that comprise a given title, and using the standard software and workflows for interlibrary loan (not restricted to Occam’s Reader). This presentation will cover the Request for Proposals process by which the rights were gained, a discussion of the best practices for lending whole ebooks developed by the consortium’s Resource Sharing Committee, and results from the first year of lending.
Svein Arne Tinnesand, Head of the Secretariat for Library Development at the National Library of Norway
Norwegian model for e-book lending in public libraries
The National Library of Norway has produced a recommended model for e-book lending in public libraries. The model, which is a result of discussions between the Norwegian Publishers Association and the National Library, provides Norwegian public libraries with access to all books published as e-books in Norway. This model was introduced in the libraries from January 2018. During spring 2018, the National Library is in discussion with the Norwegian Publishers Association to ensure that the public libraries can also offer their users access to digital audiobooks.
Dr. Berthold Gillitzer, deputy head of the user services department of the Bavarian State Library
ILL for e-books – learning to walk
Currently ILL is some times regarded as a little bit old fashioned standard service of the libraries which gets obsolete through the plenty of information available on internet. In contrast to that opinion I want to emphasize that ILL regarded as a network of the libraries for sharing scarce resources is a very modern concept.
Due to the lack of contract clauses or restrictions within existing contract clauses of licensed e-journals or licensed e-books in the last years arose a permanently growing gap within ILL. More and more documents are not available via ILL and in consequence they aren’t available at all for users needing them urgently.
For this reason the Bavarian State Library and the Bavarian Library Network developed since 2013 a concept for a solution for this problem. Server for the storing of license information and provision of the respective documents are part of this project as well as the development of appropriate license agreements. While a solution for e-journals is successfully up and running and more than 30% of copies from articles within ILL are provided from e-journals at least in Bavaria e-books seem to be a hard nut to crack. There aren’t any license clauses for ILL at all for e-books in ILL and the modalities for delivery and respective license conditions are controversial between libraries and Publisher.
The Bavarian State Library started a project to solve this problems together with the Bavarian Library Network. A pilot service is running since July 2015 and four publisher are cooperating for the test of the conception and first experiences with e-books and ILL. Nevertheless publisher and holder of rights are sceptical and much work is to be done until ILL for e media becomes a regular part of the services of libraries. Perhaps international cooperation could be a key to convince the big publisher that a solution for this problems is necessary
Susanna Broms, Deputy Director at the Swedish Ministry of Enterprise and Innovation
Libraries without borders? Utopia or reality
The EU’s new General Data Protection Regulation began to apply on 25 May 2018. The General Data Protection Regulation is directly applicable in Sweden – and every member of the EU – but provides for supplementary national provisions.
The overall subject-matter and objective of the Regulation is to protect fundamental rights and freedoms of natural persons and – in particular – their right to the protection of personal data. However, the free movement of personal data within the Union shall be neither restricted nor prohibited for reasons connected with the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data.
The Swedish Law with additional rules, lagen (2018:218) med kompletterande bestämmelser till EU:s dataskyddsförordning, is intended to ensure that the personal data processing permitted in Sweden can continue as far as possible. The intention has not been to broaden or restrict the possibilities of processing personal data, other than in cases where the General Data Protection Regulation requires such a change.
The situation concerning the Proposal for a Directive of The European Parliament and of the Council on copyright in the Digital Single Market is much more unclear. The overall subject matter and scope of the Proposal is to further harmonize the Union law applicable to copyright and related rights in the framework of the internal market, taking into account in particular digital and cross-border uses of protected content.
So far, the primary proposal has been changed several times. The European Parliament has recently proposed almost 90 amendments to the text proposed by the European Commission. It is not yet possible to say what may become. The proposal does not seem to restrict the possibilities to use copyright protected material that libraries have today. Again, the proposal does not widen the possibilities either.
Marit Vestlie, Project manager, National Library of Norway
Nordic World Library Project – Digital Library Services for Immigrant Communities
Marit Vestlie is a senior adviser at the National Library Norway. She is a librarian with a wide range of responsibilities in the library community. Currently she works as a project manager for The Nordic Library Project, funded by The Nordic Ministry of Culture and organized and run by the National libraries in Denmark, Norway and Sweden. The National Library of Norway coordinates the Project.
The International Library (IB) in Sweden, the Multilingual Library (DFB) in Norway (a division of The National Library of Norway), and the Danish Library Centre for Integration (part of the Royal Danish Library) represent the three Nordic partners.
The project is an initiative to improve digital library services for Nordic immigrant communities in the Nordic countries. The project focuses on digital books, films and music, and aims to expand existing library services developed over the past three decades. The main objective is to improve and expand digital library services to linguistic minorities in the Nordic countries. The project’s effort to establish a supply of electronic books targets five languages: Arabic, Persian, Tigrinya, Somali and Croatic.
Thomas Kaarsted, Souschef Syddansk Universitetsbibliotek
A qualified supply of information resources in the Danish high schools does not come by itself
While digitalization is happening at a rapid pace the supply of quality assured digital materials in the Danish high schools has not kept up. Furthermore an increased focus on 21st Century Skills has not been embedded. In 2016-2018 a project with in The Danish Electronic Research Library did a test run on nine high schools including almost a thousand students, who were provided with access to a large portfolio of quality assured (scientific) materials in English with in a number of fields. Based on the follow-up research done on the project and benchmarking the usage, results, and barriers are discussed.
Dimity Flanagan, Scholarly Communications Lead at the British LibraryOpen access
Is there a role for ILL in an open access world? A British Library perspective
The 2017 UUK report on the transition to open access reported that 54% of UK-authored articles in 2016 were accessible within 12 months of publication. This is compared to 32% of articles authored in 2014. Over the past five years, open access research has flourished in an environment of funding mandates and intensive advocacy within the higher education sector. While this phenomenal rate of growth has not been matched globally, there has still been a 7% rise from 2014 to 2016, bringing the global proportion of OA articles authored in 2016 to 32% after 12 months from publication.
If this pace of change continues, it does beg the question as to what the future will look like for resource discoverability and access. While green OA can sometimes remain hidden from users, more tools continue to enter the market to improve OA discoverability, reducing some of the need to use ILL services. If ILL is no longer the answer to content access in the 21st century, how can libraries facilitate improved access in the future? As requests through the British Library’s document supply service decline, the BL has realised that future is already upon us.
Friday 12th October 2018
Mikael Arevius, Gapminder
For a fact-based worldview
Gapminder has been working over a decade to explain the world through making people understand and use statistics. Gapminder has been addressing the problem of that most people don’t see the progress made in the world despite the statistics being open data. Gapminder has developed a model to explain the unseen facts of the World. First we explore what we don’t know to break through the misconceptions about the world and show how we often answer more wrong the random on simple global fact questions where the data exists as open data. Then we create visualizations, frameworks and narratives that helps people see the unseen facts about the World. During my presentation I will go through Gapminders misconceptions study. Finally showcase Gapminders, tools and frameworks to give a Crash Course on the global facts most people have missed and how our instincts and mental traps hinders us from seeing the world as it is.
Helena Francke, University of Borås
Open Access made easy?
Studies have shown a steady but slow uptake of open access to the scholarly literature over the past decade, with estimations that roughly 25 to 30 per cent of journal articles are available open access on publication. Funders and governments, especially in Europe, have taken various steps to support open access and to increase access to publications, including the recently announced cOAlition S, which is intended to significantly speed up the move towards full gold open access. As an interim solution, some consortia have signed offset agreements with publishers, for instance the Read & Publish agreement Springer Compact between Swedish Bibsam and Springer Nature (2016-2018). This talk will present findings from a survey with authors whose publications were covered through Springer Compact. What are their reactions to publishing open access in this way? What kind of support do they wish from their universities and libraries? What implications may their experiences, views and suggestions have for future initiatives and for library services?
Claudia Langer, Subito
Subito and the new German Copyright Law
In March 2018 a new copyright law came in to operation in Germany. Intended to improve conditions for the academic use of publications the new regulations also created some challenges for document delivery and inter library loan services. Due to the fact that some passages of the law were not clearly outlined subito had to find an individual way of implementing these new rules. The presentation provides a short insight how subito deals with these conditions and discusses the consequences for national and international subito users.
Chris Négrel, Director – Library Solutions, OCLC EMEA
Resource sharing revolutionized
No single library can hold every item its users may need, so libraries rely on the OCLC resource sharing network to lend and borrow resources locally, in groups, nationally, and around the world. OCLC makes it easier for libraries to support one another and their users, no matter what resource is requested. Building on more than 40 years of leadership in resource sharing and the world’s largest resource sharing network, we are investing in current and new services to better meet our members’ needs. We are bringing together the best talent, the best technology and the best of the community to provide even greater opportunities for libraries worldwide to collaborate and share. In this session Chris Négrel will provide an update on our key products as it relates to the Nordic countries:
- WorldShare Interlibrary Loan provides a critical role in providing thousands of individual libraries with core ILL capabilities.
- Tipasa is a new ILL management system for individual libraries to share and obtain materials through different resources and systems as well as to provide an exceptional experience for the patron.
- Relais D2D is a best-in-class consortial borrowing solution that integrate with other library systems and includes requestability logic that dramatically improves ILL fill rates.
Anu Alaterä, Licensing coordinator at FinELib consortium’s office
FinELib’s agreement with Elsevier
In her presentation she will tell about the negotiations and the agreement reached. She will also share information about the ongoing work on Elsevier OA process and transparency and the results of the agreement so far. Alaterä is very interested in ways of taking down paywalls and always eager to discuss different ways to do it.
The lecture will summarize findings from the ALMPUB-project (Archives, Libraries, museums and the public sphere. How do librarians perceive the role of libraries as public sphere institutions compared to the general public? Are there differences between Scandinavia and Central Europe when it comes to attitudes and factual use of libraries as public sphere institutions?
Huifang Xu, Head of Department of Library and Knowledge Learning Center, National Science Library, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Call for papers, The practices of document delivery and resource sharing in academic libraries in mainland China
Svein Arne Tinnesand, Head of the Secretariat for Library Development at the National Library of Norway
Library Search – the public’s access to the Norwegian libraries
The National Library of Norway is developing a new service to provide one entry point to Norwegian library catalogues, the possibility to borrow literature from all Norwegian libraries, and direct access to literature that has been digitized in the National Library. Library Search is intended to help offset differences between Norwegian libraries and provide all inhabitants the same access to literature, irrespective of the size of the library in their home municipality